No common name as far as I know, which is hardly uncommon with mushrooms, many have names that are applied to multiple species, so scientific naming is often best.
This is perhaps the best known of the mushrooms outside of the ones in the store. This is the red version of Fly Agaric (the ones on the East coast are yellow). These are members of the most notorious family of mushrooms- the Amanitas. This one will make you pretty sick and cause you to sweat like crazy due to the muscaric acid it contains. People have been known to use these as hallucinogens, though its an incredibly bad idea. I really can't stress that enough.
Unlike the Amanita muscaria, this will ruin your day. It'll also ruin your life. Though not in the same category as Death Cap and Destroying Angel, its still extremely toxic and could very well kill you.
This is supposed to be pretty tasty when they're really fresh. Luckily you usually won't have to worry about picking an old one. This is a member of the Inky Cap family Coprinaceae. When the mushroom grows old it begins to deliquesce and turn into nothing. These are also important in the medical field; some species in this family contain a toxin that is the active ingredient in Antibuse. So if you do decide to eat one, don't drink or you'll violently sick for a long long time.
Hard to believe that this is a mushroom, though I can't think what else it could be. These are a type of Jelly Fungi. Have no idea whether they're edible or not which mean --- DON'T EAT IT
These are a cool mushroom, though definitely not edible (they're like wood), they have an interesting property. The underside can be drawn on with a stick or pin or almost anything. This is where the common name Artist's Conch comes from. This individual was huge, and was sturdy enough for one of my classmates to sit on.
These are from a group of mushrooms called Earthstars and are closely related to the common puffball fungi. This was growing under a pine tree where I collected a lot of cool mushrooms.
This is supposed to be a highly edible fungus, though this one was old and would have tasted awful.
This is a species from the group called False Morels. While not too toxic, it will give you one hell of a stomach ache.
This is another highly distinctive and highly tasty mushroom. I'm not sure if this specimen ended up in a collection or on a dinner plate.
These are a species of Waxy Cap, so named for the shiny red, yellow or even green caps, as well as for the thick, wax-like gills.
A rather slimy species of waxy cap, these turn black when they get old.
Another species of waxy cap, don't know anything about it other than that as far as edibility is concerned they're mostly non-toxic but also not tasty. There are a few that'll make you sick, so its best to look but don't touch with these mushrooms.
Not too much to say about these polypores other than to say they're not edible.
Never could figure out what species this is, though with 'shrooms thats hardly uncommon.
Unlike most polypores, this is a very sought-after species due to its taste. Thew other nice thing about this species is thats its very easy to identify, which is another plus for people looking for edible mushrooms.
Puffballs are by far the most fun to play with; when you squeeze them they shoot out a cloud of spores. As with quite a number of puffballs this one is edible and rumored to be pretty good.
This is like the holy grail to mushroom hunters. Said to be among the best mushrooms there are, morels are highly sought after. This was growing next to my house, of all places.
These are well named. They smell absolutely terrible, just awful, unbearable, but they're also some of the coolest looking mushrooms you can find, though one is rather plain.
As you might expect, these are often found around the base of pine trees. The specific epithet refers to the wine-color of the cap and stalk.
As you can see by the photo, this species of polypore grows as far as I know exclusively grows on Birch trees.
These rather odd looking mushrooms are usually found growing on the sides of logs. They're also the same species that you can buy in the stores, usually dried.
Unlike the other fungi in this photo collection, which are Basidiomycotes, this is a member of the Ascomycetes, it actually has its spore surface on the red inside of the cup.
I'm pretty sure this is a split gill mushroom which is completely different from the regular gilled mushrooms. Its under the same category as gilled mushrooms for simplicity's sake.
The polar opposite of an Amanita, these are supposed to be very tasty, though hard to clean. Of course, never eat a mushroom that you're not 100% sure of what it is. If you have even the slightest doubt, leave it alone.
This is a really cool species of mushroom and is a bolete. Boletes have a pore like surface on the underside rather than the gills that most mushrooms have.
Taxonomically speaking, I have no idea what this is. I think its a mushroom, but it might be a myxomycota or slime-mold. I also don't know whether I took this in California or in New York, as its found both places.